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Lead Contents

Pressure Sensors

With Pressure Sensors, changes in pressure can be measured to confirm suction, verify mounting, manage source pressures, and test for leaking. Differential Pressure Flow Sensors are also available.

Overview Features
Principles Classifications
Engineering Data Further Information

Related Contents

Primary Contents

Operating Principles

A semiconductor piezo-resistance dispersion pressure sensor has a semiconductor distortion gauge formed on the surface of the diaphragm, and it converts changes in electrical resistance into an electrical signal by means of the piezo-resistance effect that occurs when the diaphragm is distorted due to an external force (pressure).

A static capacitance pressure sensor has a capacitor that is formed by a static glass electrode and an opposing movable silicon electrode, and it converts changes in static capacitance that occur when the movable electrode is distorted due to an external force (pressure) into an electrical signal. (The E8Y uses the static capacitance method, and other models use the semiconductor method.)

Semiconductor Distortion Gauge Construction

Piezo-resistance Effect

The electrical resistance of the above conductor is expressed by the following formula:
R = ρ × L/S.

When this conductor is pulled to the right or left as shown below, the length increases and the cross-sectional area decreases.

The electrical resistance of the above conductor is expressed by the following formula:
R' = ρ ×(L+1)/S-s.

Accordingly,
R' > R.
This shows how the application of a mechanical force changes the electrical resistance.